Stapleton: Denver's Green Neighborhood
Stapleton's sustainability is best evidenced by the actions of its residents. For example, in 2007, the developer, Forest City, planned a Founder's Day celebration on the town green, but was concerned about adequate parking.
"We sent out info to all the residents about where they should park so that we didn't push parking across the street to the other neighborhoods," said Tom Gleason, vice president of public relations, Forest City Stapleton, Inc. "There were probably about 2,500 people there. At the height of our event, I went out to the parking zones and they were virtually empty."
Denver's newest neighborhood attracts active families who share a concern for the environment and the neighborhood's design is a testament to that, said Tom. Stapleton operated as an airport for 66 years, owned and operated by the city and county of Denver. Thanks to community visionaries, the 7.5-acre site didn't remain fenced off, but underwent a massive "greening" to prepare it for residential living when the airport closed in 1995.
By Federal law, the City of Denver was required to remediate all land before selling it at full market value to their chosen master developer, Cleveland-based Forest City. "They did an assessment to determine what had been left over after 60-plus years of an airport's operation," said Tom. Jet fuel, de-icer, asbestos from old buildings and a groundwater plume of pollution that cut across the southwest corner (originating from the Lowry Air Force base a mile south) were all cleaned up before development began.
Then, the sustainability vision began.
Stapleton residents share a mutual concern for the environment and their community.
Denver is in an arid region, and when the first homes were sold in Stapleton in 2001-2002, it was considered to be one of the most severe droughts in years in Colorado. The developers selected drought-resistant landscape that requires less water but it still very colorful. And, during land remediation, Westerly Creek, formerly a ditch covered by dirt, was transformed back into a nature preserve, and provides a valuable source of water for local wildlife.
In addition to sidewalks and close proximity to grocery and retail, the neighborhood is part of the Denver city street grid to allow for public transportation. One of the projects starting in 2015 will part of the FasTracks East Corridor Light Rail expansion. The Stapleton Light Rail Central Park Station will run to Downtown Denver’s Union Station and most likely be a “commuter rail,” which means that it is diesel-electric rather than overhead electric power. From this station, the ride to the airport will be 20 minutes and to downtown, 15 minutes.
Recycling and Composting
"Stapleton has the highest participation of any neighborhood in Denver for recycling," said Tom. Plus, Denver is currently piloting a composting program in the city, allowing for both curbside composting and recycling. Smartly, Stapleton's 6 million tons of concrete airport runways were recycled into "Staplestone," an aggregate used to build roadways, bridges and bike paths, saving on costly mountain mining and eliminating the carbon footprint of transporting all that rock to the Stapleton site.
Stapleton requires that all builders meet the Built Green standards from the Home Builders Association of Metro Denver. These standards require homes to be 20 percent more efficient than current homes. Forest City works with builders to ensure homes are energy-star certified, including appliances, making the homes on average nearly 30 percent more efficient. One company, New Town Builders, worked with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in Golden, Colo., to design and build a net-zero home in 2011.
Also, all commercial buildings are LEED certified, which has almost become standard, said Tom. Forest City works with retail businesses to help them choose eco-friendly materials for the inside of their spaces, as well.
In a 2010 Denver Post profile, Stapleton homeowner Doug Roth was noted for his incredibly small energy bill: $40 for the year. How did he do it in his New Town Builders' home? Solar panels on the roof.
"The greenest energy you'll ever have is the energy you don't use," said Gene Myers, chairman of New Town Builders. Solar energy panels now come standard on the builder's houses in Stapleton. The panels have no moving parts, are less obtrusive and can be monitored by a handheld device that gives homeowners an instant read on energy usage.